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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 15, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation. and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg we have believed in nurturing banking relationships
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for centuries. strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for years to come. giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america". i am katty: reporting from washington. -- i and katty kay, reporting from washington. >> they tell us life in libya is getting worse. it is a risk worth making. katty: the president of iran rebukes the u.s. congress saying that tehran is dealing with world powers, not american lawmakers on their nuclear deal. 150 years after abraham lincoln
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was assassinated technology shows the former president in a . -- in a new light. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. they flee africa for a number of reasons. politics poverty and war. often they end up like those who just drowned in the mediterranean when the overcrowded boat sunk. the coast guard says that even this latest tragedy will not deter people. >> the rough winter on the mediterranean. this sees become kolmar and the
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desperate take to the waters. bringing death to the shores of libya. we join the libyan coast guard. they have rescued 300 migrants in 24 hours. he paid 25 pounds for the trip. they tell us it is a big boat. we find this boat. >> it is barely see where the and spent the day a draft. on the key side they huddle together. poor hungry, and sick. they survived on a handful of dates. with fewer rescue boats, the chances of survival are slim. many, like mohammed, are
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undeterred. >> we have been here three years trying to go to italy. this is the fourth time i have tried to go. >> a year ago we visited libya's migrant detention centers. conditions then were medieval. today, they are no better. and more crowded. there are 1000 people crammed inside. these women and their children are fleeing a dictatorship. in somalia, they are running from war. some have been held here for seven months. the graffiti on the walls speaks of freedom and italy. in the crowd we find all t --
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we find ali. >> every day you go out. they could kill you any minute. they took all the money i have. it is now empty. >> to hope in britain and europe is that these men can be discouraged from trying to make the crossing across the mediterranean by cutting the number of rescue boats. it has not worked. they tell us that life it their countries is so bad. life in libya is getting worse. the journey is a risk worth making. africa's migrants have been asked a drift. they will keep coming. with fewer patrols to stop them and rescue them, more will be lost at sea. clinton some herbal -- quentin
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sommerville bbc news. katty: i spoke with the former supreme allied commander at nato admiral james. admiral, thank you for joining me. in the report we heard migrants came for all different reasons. why libya. why are they going from libya? >> it is relatively uncovered space along the northern coast. it is just over 100 miles. it is a well trodden path. it is much like in america the routes that come up from central america as people try to get away from conditions that has led to --. katty: in the latest report they
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expect hundreds more to drown in the days ahead. do you think it is because the situation in libya is deteriorating so fast that we are seeing an uptick in numbers leaving the country? admiral stavridis: i think it is not only the unrest in libya but as word moves around the circuit from some of the other unsettled areas of africa it becomes clear this is the closest they can get to europe with a sea crossing. despite the dangers of coming by see it looks more appealing than trying to get through syria and turkey to europe over land. a longer and in some ways more dangerous journey. katty: had you see the situation in libya developing? the rise of the islamic state. the rise of migrants which must be destabilizing. two governments who say they are in control. do you see any chance libya
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could turn out to be a stable unified country? admiral stavridis: in the long term that is a possibility. despite how terrible it looks today. let's not forget that it is a relatively well-educated population, as a great deal of oil, and an enviable geographic position along the mediterranean. if we can help, the united nations and the european union to facilitate a agreement between the two sides there is a hope. it probably has more of a chance than syria to come back together in a productive way. katty: you can understand why people would look at the situation, particularly with the rise of the islamic state, and think was it worth getting rid of gaddafi? admiral stavridis: i was the supreme allied commander during the intervention. i would say it was.
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you can look at what the qaddafi regime was like harriet howitt treated people. the long-term oppression. the -- regime was like. how it treated people. the long-term oppression. it is better than motoring along under a dictator forever. katty: would you have predicted during that mission that was so fast and efficient that libya would end up like this? admiral stavridis: i wouldn't have. we were concerned at the time with the tribalism in libya. which is an issue. i kept going back to the education of the population. the oil wealth. i would not have predicted the downward spiral. i remain hopeful over the long term, despite the challenges ahead, i think it is a good country or the united nations and the european union to make an effort to create more stability.
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a better chance they are then in syria or iraq to be honest. katty: thank you for joining me. the president of iran said today that his country is dealing with world powers not american lawmakers when it comes to the deal on its nuclear program. the remarks came after the white house said it would sign legislation that gives congress 30 days to consider a final agreement before mr. obama can waive or suspend congressional sanctions. chris coons was key in drafting the bill and joint me a short time ago. katty: senator cowan's, what does this vote mean for the framework deal being reached between the world powers and iran? senator coons: the deal
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unanimously set a concise framework for congressional input on a final deal with iran if there is one. one of the positives that come out of this is that instead of a congress which may oppose a deal taking a dozen different potshots at undermining it, this gives one specific time went the administration will share all the details about the deal and 130 day time span with congress having an up or down vote in a structure that makes it clear it is not have to approve the deal in order for it to go forward. if congress ails to override a presidential veto, that means the deal can still go forward. the threshold for advancing the deal is relatively low. ensuring that it will only happen in the event there is a genuinely bad deal. katty: the critical question is if this means congress could prevent the white house from lifting certain sanctions
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against iran. which would be the quid pro quo for iran undergoing inspections for its nuclear program. senator coons: it is clear from the build that it does not apply to this presidential or human sanctions. only congressional sanctions. the next president will have to seek a repeal of the sanctions. if the deal with the ron includes, not just a temporary waiver but a lifting of congressional sanctions. katty: can you imagine a scenario where the president says -- were congress says you have done the deal but we will not allow you to lift sanctions. senator coons: if the deal isn't strong enough. we aren't convinced that inspections regime will follow through. or overly broad concessions are made at the last minute about centrifuges or the disposal of
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enriched uranium. or plans for fordo. if it is outlined with the p5 plus one is carried out, the gray areas are resolved. and they are resolved in the favor of making it stronger and more transparent. i believe congress will approve it. katty: under this scenario you just outlined, you would suspect the white house would say no deal anyway. senator coons: i see this as a win demonstrating republicans and democrats in congress can work together. and that the president and a sharply partisan congress can actually work together. we modified the corker menendez bill several times. they addressed real concerns the administration had. the win for president obama is
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that instead of having a partisan showdown over a veto threat we had 819-zero vote on the foreign relations committee guaranteeing that will not be a vote on a future iran deal until after it is concluded and full terms are submitted to congress for a concise time of congressional review and input. katty: is above to have you back on the program. thank you for joining me. nato's senior military commander has expressed concern over the upsurge of fighting in east ukraine. the senate -- he said that it is krish -- crucial that all sites pull back. you know a company has become influential when it becomes a verb. we google everything.
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the european union has accused the internet giant of becoming too dominant online and says they are breaching competition rules by using the search to promote its own products online. lori kaplan jones has more. -- rory jones has more. it is even a bird in the dictionary. europe's competition regulator say google is abusing the power by pushing its own services and that is harming consumers. >> these are our concerns. that consumers don't get the best choice and that we do not see the most interesting and innovative companies if we are always presented for the google shopping. rory: the charges of the google search box is that they are not
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objective but favor google services. i have done a search for digital cameras. above the ordinary results is this box from google shopping. the items are not there because they are the most relevant, but because google has been paid by the advertisers. the tiny british search for them which originally filed the complaint says google's behavior has had serious effects. >> it is an extraordinarily powerful tactic diverting a large volume of traffic away from google's competitors for google's own services. rory: google believes in the era of the mobile internet this case is out of date and responded with a blog in which it said it is clear that there is a ton of competition including from amazon and ebay, and that google shopping results has not harm the competition. the mood in europe has gotten tougher. germany has concerns about privacy and has had houses are
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moved from google street view. they have been particularly vocal about action against the company. the eu could impose penalties. >> a very heavy fine. it could be changing the way they do business in europe and that the european commission asks for a breakup of google. rory: investigation into google started five years ago. nobody is betting that it will reach a conclusion anytime soon. bbc news. katty: you are watching "bbc world news america" and still to come, 70 years after british troops liberated the concentration camp we hear from a woman who was there with anne frank. thousands of activists around the world joined fast food workers hiding for a higher
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minimum wage. pushing for $15 an hour, rallies were planned in cities around the world. organizers called it the biggest mobilization of workers in the u.s.. airport workers, walmart employees, all taking part. many businesses say raising the minimum wage would force them to cut jobs. we report on the battle of the wages. michelle: he owns 38 applebee's in the u.s.. employing 3500 -- 3500 people. >> it would definitely increase unemployment. people will have to shrink their label force. there is technology we can replace people with. michelle: mcdonald's has recently said they will raise pay for their staff to one dollar above minimum wage.
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it is unclear if this is in response to social pressure or economic reasons. whatever the right level for the minimum wage, the head of the international labor organization thinks companies can afford it. >> remember, the minimum wage in the united states is 30% below its real level which he reached at the end of the 1960's. the idea we are looking at something excessive and pricing workers out of the labor market would not seem to fit with the historical trajectory of the minimum wage. michelle: president obama tanks of higher minimum wage saying it would be good for the economy and families. would raising the minimum wage have any meaningful impact on income inequality? michelle fleury, bbc news. katty: 70 years ago today
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british troops liberated the bergen-belsen concentration camp in north germany. 70,000 people died there during the holocaust, including anne frank. the teenager who became famous for her diary that documented the nazi persecution of jews. we spoke to one of the camps few remaining survivors. >> they called it the finishing camp. tens of thousands of people died here. their bodies left to rot in the open air. this young woman was transported to bergen-belsen in 1945. >> i woke up, and i looked out and could not believe my eyes. i have seen a walking skeleton in every sense of the word. heaps of bodies lying outside each baric. mountains. you could not distinguish if
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they were men or women. children's bodies. it is hard for anyone to comprehend. it was the most horrible horrible time of my life. >> gina shared a baric with his teenager, whose diary would symbolize the nazi persecution of the jews. she was dying of typhus. gina: my mother watched out for her. i could see that face. the hair. she looked far away. >> with the advance of british troops to another part of germany, a second terrible story is brought to light. >> it was a story that would shock the world. 70 years to the day since the british army liberated
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bergen-belsen. among them is a young sergeant called norman turkel. gina: he made up his mind in the hospital that this is the girl i would marry. gina and norman married a few years later. on the wedding certificate her address was bergen-belsen camp. gina: i loved him. we were the most adorable couple, everybody said. >> in 1985 they went back to belsen. they were married for 50 years before norman died. gina is one of the few people left to remember the 20th century's darkest hour. ginny hill, bbc news. katty: one of america's most celebrated presidents died 150
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years ago today after being shot at the theater in washington. a century half after his death his image has a remarkable appeal. the first u.s. president of the photographic euro. -- photographic era. we are looking at the 16th president in a whole new way. >> the ghostly face of abraham lincoln animated by technology. this is a digital scan of a life mask created two months before his assassination. one of the casts can be seen at the national portrait gallery. >> this is frequently confused as a death mask. he is exhausted. his eyes and cheeks are sunken in. it is the president in 1865. >> this is the closest we will get to seeing what the president
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actually looked like? >> yes. it creates a one-to-one correspondence between the president face and what we see here. >> photography was replacing life masks as the best way to create a likeness. when john wilkes booth wrapped into the box affords peter -- at ford's theater yet no problem recognizing the man he came to kill. >> he was the first president born in the photographic age. unlike public figures today, who are all perfectly coiffed and have the right suit, i do not think lincoln cared. >> thanks to photography and his iconic status, linkmen is the most recognizable president of all time arguably. 150 years later the life mask or something like it, maybe
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making a comeback. the same technology is being used to make a 3-d portrait of president obama. >> this is not an artist's rendering. this is not someone looking at the president saying i'm going to draw or chisel it like this. this is data taken off of his face. >> the process of scanning the president was less arduous than creating a life mask. it took minutes and nothing touched his face. the aim is the same. >> and one-to-one presentation of the president's features. i would think what is compelling, is the accurate news. it has a direct connection to that moment when it was taken. >> lincoln famously belongs to the ages. things to technology his image still belongs to us. jane o'brien. bbc news washington.
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katty: president lincoln brings our program to a close. to all of us from "bbc world news america" thank you for watching and we will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation. and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we were gathered.
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-- when we work together. we support every institute across the globe. because success takes partnership. only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: fighting for 15. minimum wage workers across the country demand higher pay. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this wednesday: it's tax day. why health insurance now factors into what americans have to pay. >> ifill: plus... >> ♪ i've got your class ring >> ifill: from blues and country to gospel and jazz. rhiannon giddens shares the songs of america's musical roots with new audiences. >> my mission is to perform. you know, of course that's what i was here to do, but that extra thing is to bring attention to music that doesn't necessarily get the light of day a lot.

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